Substances | MDMA
E, X, Xtasy, XTC, Molly
Mechanism of action
MDMA increases the net release of the monoamine neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, and to a lesser extent, dopamine. MDMA binds to serotonin transporters, preventing reuptake and thus increasing serotonin levels in the synaptic cleft. The net release of serotonin is the primary mechanism of action responsible for the characteristic effects (though dopamine may be an additional mediator). 
Currently being investigated for use in MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) [2-3]
Oral or Intranasally “Snorting.
“Molly” is a powder form which can be snorted, put into a capsule and ingested, or parachuted in a piece of tissue.
“X,” “Ecstasy,” “MDMA,” and “E” often refer to pill or tablet forms, which are sometimes pressed into colorful flinstone-vitamin-like tablets.
Increases feelings of emotional warmth and connection, extroversion, feelings of happiness and well-being, increases ability to discuss emotionally-charged memories, increases visual, sound, and touch sensory perception [4-5]
Testing MDMA For Cut Substances
MDMA Comedown Depression Management
Citations & Reading
 Kalant H. The pharmacology and toxicology of "ecstasy" (MDMA) and related drugs. CMAJ. 2001;165(7):917-928.
 Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS). A Phase 3 Program of MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy for the Treatment of Severe Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): MAPS
 Krediet E, Bostoen T, Breeksema J, van Schagen A, Passie T, Vermetten E. Reviewing the Potential of Psychedelics for the Treatment of PTSD. The international journal of neuropsychopharmacology. 2020;23(6):385-400.
 Baggott MJ, Coyle JR, Siegrist JD, Garrison KJ, Galloway GP, Mendelson JE. Effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine on socioemotional feelings, authenticity, and autobiographical disclosure in healthy volunteers in a controlled setting. J Psychopharmacol. 2016;30(4):378-387.
 Hysek CM, Schmid Y, Simmler LD, et al. MDMA enhances emotional empathy and prosocial behavior. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2014;9(11):1645-1652.
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